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عالمی ادارہ صحت (ڈبلیو ایچ او) نے کہا ہے کہ اگرچہ ’منکی پاکس‘ پہلی بار افریقہ کے علاوہ دیگر خطوں میں بھی پھیل رہی ہیں، تاہم ایسا نہیں ہے کہ ’وبا‘ ’بے قابو‘ ہو چکی ہے۔ منکی پاکس میں حالیہ اضافہ رواں ماہ 7 مئی کے بعد دیکھا گیا، جب انگلینڈ میں پہلا کیس رپورٹ ہوا تھا اور اب تک دنیا بھر کے ڈیڑھ درجن ممالک میں اس کے 130 تک کیسز رپورٹ ہو چکے ہیں جب کہ مزید 106 مشتبہ کیسز کی نگرانی بھی کی جا رہی ہے۔

عام طور پر ماضی میں منکی پاکس صرف افریقی خطے تک محدود تھا، تاہم اس بار اس بیماری نے یورپ کو گھیرے میں لے رکھا ہے، جہاں کے ایک درجن ممالک میں کیسز رپورٹ ہوئے ہیں۔ اگرچہ ابتدائی طور پر خیال ظاہر کیا جا رہا تھا کہ ممکنہ طور پر منکی پاکس کے حالیہ کیسز تبدیل شدہ ساخت کے ہوں گے، تاہم اس حوالے سے بھی عالمی ادارہ صحت واضح کر چکا ہے کہ نئے کیسز میں کوئی تبدیلی نوٹ نہیں کی گئی۔ تحریر جاری ہے‎ یہ بھی پڑھیں:

منکی پاکس کے نئے کیسز سامنے آنے کے بعد یورپ، امریکا میں صحت حکام الرٹ منکی پاکس کے یورپ کے بعد شمالی امریکی ممالک میں تیزی سے پھیلنے کے بعد دنیا میں خوف کی فضا پیدا ہوچکی ہے اور پاکستان سمیت کئی ممالک نے اس حوالے سے ہسپتالوں میں ایمرجنسی بھی نافذ کر رکھی ہے۔ تاہم اب عالمی ادارہ صحت نے کہا کہ اب تک منکی پاکس قابل قبول حالت میں ہے، ایسا نہیں کہ یہ مرض ’بے قابو‘ ہوچکا ہے۔ خبر رساں ادارے ’رائٹرز‘ کے مطابق عالمی ادارہ صحت کی گلوبل انفیکشن کی ڈائریکٹر سالوی برینڈ نے جنیوا میں ہیلتھ کانفرنس سے خطاب کرتے ہوئے واضح کیا کہ منکی پاکس ’قابو‘ میں ہے۔ انہوں نے کہا کہ عالمی ادارہ صحت اس بات کی حوصلہ افزائی کرتا ہے کہ منکی پاکس کی کڑی نگرانی کی جائے، تاہم اب تک کہ شواہد سے یہ بات ثابت نہیں ہوتی کہ اس میں کوئی تبدیلیاں آئی ہیں۔ ان کا کہنا تھا کہ یہ دیکھنے اور مانیٹر کرنے کی ضرورت ہے کہ حالیہ منکی پاکس کیسز کہاں سے آئے اور کہاں جا رہے ہیں؟ انہوں نے خدشہ ظاہر کیا کہ منکی پاکس کا پھیلاؤ انسانی رویوں کی وجہ سے ہوسکتا ہے، کیوں کہ کورونا کی طویل پابندیوں کے بعد اب انسان آزاد ہوئے ہیں تو ان کا میل جول انہیں دوسری مصییبت میں منتقل کر سکتا ہے۔ منکی پاکس کے حوالے سے ماہرین کا کہنا ہے کہ یہ بیماری قریبی تعلقات سے پھیلتی ہے، یہ کورونا کی طرح تیزی سے پھیلنے والی وبا نہیں۔

سو 100 سے زائد کیسز رپورٹ منکی پاکس انسانوں سے انسانوں میں منتقل ہو سکتی ہیں، جس وجہ سے ماہرین سماجی دوری کو یقینی بنانے کی ہدایات کرتے دکھائی دیتے ہیں۔ ماہرین کا ماننا ہے کہ عام طور پر منکی پاکس غیر محفوظ جنسی تعلقات سے پھیلتا ہے اور عام طور پر اس بیماری کا شکار وہ لوگ بنتے ہیں، جو ہم جنس پرستی کی جانب راغب ہوں، تاہم تمام کیسز میں ایسا نہیں ہوتا۔ منکی پاکس ابتدائی طور پر بندروں میں پائی جانی والی بیماری تھی جو 1970 کے بعد افریقہ کے مغربی حصے میں پھیلی اور کئی دہائیوں تک وہیں پھیلتی رہی۔ اگرچہ ماضی میں منکی پاکس کے کچھ کیسز یورپ اور امریکا جیسے خطوں میں سامنے آئے، تاہم اس کے زیادہ تر کیسز افریقہ میں ہی پائے جاتے تھے لیکن اب پہلی بار اس بیماری کے کیسز افریقہ کے بجائے دیگر خطوں میں رپورٹ ہونے پر لوگوں میں تشویش پھیل گئی ہے۔


LONDON: UK’s Health Ministry confirmed 36 new monkeypox cases putting the total at 57. Of the cases registered; 56 are in the UK, while one patient in Scotland is hospitalized. The potential blowout of monkeypox is very worrying, said the ministry, but still not fatal, while also advising all with symptoms to immediately seek medical health to prevent the spread of the virus. Isolation is also recommended for 21 days for who has had direct or household contact with a confirmed case. Initial symptoms are apparently fever, headaches, swellings, back pain and aching muscles, which would lead to rashes of raised spots that later turn into blisters and typically clear up within two to four weeks. (KUNA)


ABU DHABI: The United Arab Emirates (UAE) on Tuesday reported its first case of monkeypox in a traveler who arrived in the Gulf Arab state from West Africa, the health ministry said. The person in question, a 29-year old woman, is receiving medical treatment for the virus, while efforts are ongoing to track down anyone who may have come into contact with her, according to a ministry statement. It went on to advise the general public to keep abreast of the viral disease through information posted on official sources. Monkeypox cases have been identified in a number of countries as of late, including Britain, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Canada and the United States. (KUNA)


KABUL: Women presenters on Afghanistan’s leading TV channels went on air on Saturday without covering their faces, defying a Taliban order that they conceal their appearance to comply with the group’s policy.

Since surging back to power last year the Taliban have imposed a slew of restrictions on civil society, many focused on reining in the rights of women and girls.

Earlier this month Afghanistan’s supreme leader Hibatullah Akhundzada issued a diktat for women to cover up fully in public, including their faces, ideally with the traditional burqa.
The feared Ministry for Promotion of Virtue and Prevention of Vice ordered women TV presenters to follow suit by Saturday. Previously they had only been required to wear a headscarf.
But broadcasters TOLOnews, Shamshad TV and 1TV all aired live programmes on Saturday with women presenters’ faces visible.
“Our female colleagues are concerned that if they cover their faces, the next thing they will be told is to stop working,” said Shamshad TV head of news Abid Ehsas.
“This is the reason they have not observed the order so far,” he said, adding the channel had requested further discussions with the Taliban on the issue.
Taliban orders such as this have caused many female journalists to leave Afghanistan since the hardline group stormed back to power, a woman presenter said.
“Their latest order has broken the hearts of women presenters and many now think they have no future in this country,” she said, requesting not to be named.
“I’m thinking of leaving the country. Decrees like this will force many professionals to leave.”
Mohammad Sadeq Akif Mohajir, spokesman for the vice ministry, said the women presenters were violating the Taliban directive.
“If they don’t comply we will talk to the managers and guardians of the presenters,” he said.
“Anyone who lives under a particular system and government has to obey the laws and orders of that system, so they must implement the order,” he said.
The Taliban have demanded that women government employees be fired if they fail to follow the new dress code. Men working in government also risk suspension if their wives or daughters fail to comply.

Mohajir said media managers and the male guardians of defiant women presenters would also be liable for penalties if the order was not observed.
During two decades of US-led military intervention in Afghanistan, women and girls made marginal gains in the deeply patriarchal nation.
Soon after they took over, the Taliban promised a softer version of the harsh rule that characterised their first stint in power from 1996 to 2001.
Since the takeover, however, women have been banned from travelling alone and teenage girls barred from secondary schools. In the 20 years after the Taliban were ousted from office in 2001, many women in the conservative countryside continued to wear a burqa.
But most Afghan women, including TV presenters, opted for the headscarf.
Television channels have already stopped showing dramas and soap operas featuring women, following orders from Taliban authorities.


A driver of an autorickshaw sleeps inside his rickshaw while waiting in a line to buy petrol at a fuel station, amid the country's economic crisis in Colombo, Sri Lanka on May 16, 2022. — Reuters COLOMBO: Sri Lanka’s new prime minister said on Monday the crisis-hit nation was down to its last day of petrol, as the country’s power minister told citizens not to join the lengthy fuel queues that have galvanised weeks of anti-government protests.

Ranil Wickremesinghe, appointed prime minister on Thursday, said in an address to the nation the country urgently needed $75 million in foreign exchange to pay for essential imports.

“At the moment, we only have petrol stocks for a single day. The next couple of months will be the most difficult ones of our lives,” he said.

“We must prepare ourselves to make some sacrifices and face the challenges of this period.” Two shipments of petrol and two of diesel using an Indian credit line could provide relief in the next few days, he added, but the country is also facing a shortage of 14 essential medicines.
The crisis led to widespread protests against President Gotabaya Rajapaksa and his family, culminating in the resignation of his elder brother Mahinda as prime minister last week after fighting between government supporters and protesters killed 9 people and wounded 300.

The president replaced him with Wickremesinghe, an opposition parliamentarian who has held the post five times previously, in a desperate bid to placate protesters.
But the protesters have said they will keep up their campaign as long as Gotabaya Rajapaksa remains president.


A heavily armed 18-year-old white gunman shot 10 people dead on Saturday at a Buffalo, New York grocery store in a "racially motivated" attack that he live-streamed on camera, authorities said.

The gunman, who was wearing a helmet and tactical gear, was arrested after the massacre, Buffalo Police Commissioner Joseph Gramaglia told a news conference.
Gramaglia put the toll at 10 dead and three wounded. Eleven of the 13 people struck by gunfire were Black, officials said. The two others were white. The racial breakdown of the dead was not made clear.

The gunman first shot four people in the parking lot of the Tops supermarket, three of them fatally, then went inside and continued firing, Gramaglia said.
Among those killed inside the store was a retired police officer who was working as an armed security guard.
The guard "engaged the suspect, fired multiple shots," but the gunman — who was protected by body armor — shot him, Gramaglia said.

When police arrived, the shooter put the gun to his neck, but was talked down and ultimately surrendered, he added.

Stephen Belongia, special agent in charge of the FBI's Buffalo field office, told the news conference that the shooting is being investigated as a hate crime.
"We are investigating this incident as both a hate crime and a case of racially motivated violent extremism," Belongia said.
Eerie County Sheriff John Garcia described the attack as "pure evil."

"It was straight up racially motivated hate crime form somebody outside of our community," he said.

'Day of great pain'
John Flynn, the district attorney for Eerie County, where Buffalo is located, said the suspect would be arraigned on charges of murder in the first degree, which carries a sentence of life without parole.

Byron Brown, the mayor of Buffalo — which is located in western New York, along the US border with Canada — said the shooter "traveled hours from outside this community to perpetrate this crime."

"This is a day of great pain for our community," Brown said.

White House Press Secretary Karine Jean-Pierre said US President Joe Biden had been briefed on the "horrific shooting."

Biden "will continue to receive updates throughout the evening and tomorrow as further information develops. The president and the first lady are praying for those who have been lost and for their loved ones," Jean-Pierre added.

Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer, the senior US senator from New York, said in a tweet: "We are standing with the people of Buffalo."

The governor of New York, Kathy Hochul, also tweeted that she was monitoring the situation, and asked people in Buffalo to "avoid the area and follow guidance from law enforcement and local officials."

Last month, a "sniper-type" shooter opened fire in an upscale Washington neighborhood, wounding four people before taking his own life.

Police suspected that graphic video of that shooting which circulated online shortly afterward was filmed by the shooter himself, but have not confirmed the authenticity or if it was live-streamed.


New UAE President Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan. — Photo courtesy WAM The UAE's long-time de facto ruler Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan was elected as president on Saturday, official media said, a day after the death of former leader Sheikh Khalifa.

Sheikh Mohamed was elected by the Federal Supreme Council, WAM news agency said, becoming the ruler of the oil-rich country founded by his father in 1971.

Sheikh Mohamed, often known as 'MBZ', met members of the Federal Supreme Council, made up of rulers of the UAE's seven emirates, as the oil-rich country enters a period of mourning for his half-brother Sheikh Khalifa.

His ascension, which was widely expected, formalises his position as leader of the desert state of 10 million after years of calling the shots while Sheikh Khalifa was sidelined by poor health.

Under his low-key direction, the United Arab Emirates has put a man in space, sent a probe to Mars and opened its first nuclear reactor, while using its oil-funded clout to develop a more assertive foreign policy.

Closely allied with Saudi Arabia, it has emerged as a leader of a reshaped Middle East since the retreat of traditional powers and the reduced involvement of the United States, forging ties with Israel and joining a war against Iran-backed militants in Yemen.

Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed's death

Sheikh Mohamed's predecessor, Sheikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, passed away on Friday.

The Ministry of Presidential Affairs announced the death of Khalifa, who was also ruler of the UAE's richest emirate, Abu Dhabi, but gave no details.

“The Ministry of Presidential Affairs mourns to the UAE people, Arab and Islamic nations and the world the death of President His Highness Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, who passed away on Friday,” the ministry said in a statement on state media.

The UAE would observe a 40-day mourning period with flags flown at half-mast as of Friday and suspend work at all public and private sector entities for three days, the ministry added.

Condolences started pouring in from Arab leaders including Bahrain's king, Egypt's president and Iraq's prime minister soon after Khalifa's death.

In his condolence message, Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif said he was deeply grieved to hear about Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed's death.

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