MIRAMSHAH: Health officials in Pakistan on Wednesday warned of a serious polio outbreak after the disease was detected in 16 children in a tribal district where militant groups have banned vaccination.
Doctor Khayal Mir Jan, the top health official in Pakistan's militant-infested North Waziristan tribal district, on the Afghan border, told AFP that thousands of children were at risk.
Pakistan is one of only three countries in the world where the highly infectious, crippling disease remains endemic. Infections shot up from a low of 28 in 2005 to almost 200 last year.
“Polio virus has been detected in 16 children since the Taliban ban,” Jan told AFP. “We are waiting for the result of the stool samples of another 42 children suspected of having the disease.”
Local warlord Hafiz Gul Bahadur banned polio vaccinations in Waziristan in June 2012, alleging the campaign was a cover for espionage.
Bahadur, who is allied with Afghan Taliban fighting US-led troops across the border, said the ban would remain until the US stops drone attacks in the tribal regions. North Waziristan has borne the brunt of the strikes.
Health officials said the disease is in danger of becoming an epidemic and voiced fears that it could spread to the neighbouring districts if vaccination was not begun immediately.
“Every day we are receiving children with polio, we will have to start an anti-polio campaign, otherwise it's becoming epidemic,” Jan told AFP.
Most of the children affected were under five years old. Jan said nine cases were detected in Mir Ali town while seven were detected in Miramshah, the main town of North Waziristan.
An administrative official in the area said efforts were underway to talk to militant groups and support from Islamic scholars had also been sought.
Officials said more than 240,000 in North and South Waziristan were at risk due the ban and have not been administered polio drops since the ban.
A World Health Organization official, speaking on condition of anonymity, confirmed: “Scores of polio cases have been reported in North Waziristan.” “Several other children have also been paralysed in North Waziristan but we are waiting for their test results as we don't know what virus paralysed them,” the official said.
KARACHI: A pair of common chimpanzees confined to two small makeshift cages have been living in extremely filthy conditions for more than two weeks as work on their enclosure continued in the Safari Park, it emerged on Sunday.
A visit to the facility showed that the Safari Park administration had separated the chimps named Raju and Babli and kept them confined to two small makeshift cages made within their big enclosure for the past 17 days. This arrangement has been made to strengthen their enclosure they were earlier kept.
The animals appeared restless due to the noise being created by the mechanical and metal work and their restricted movement.
More shocking, however, was to see their small living spaces filled with their excreta and rotten fruit and also that they were deprived of the basic need to drink water at will; there was no water pot inside their cages.
Similar conditions existed in other cages where a few animals were kept.
“We have been hired to secure the enclosure by fixing thick iron grilles on the three sides and to make a roof so that animals could get shade,” a worker at the site told Dawn.
Over 400kg of iron had been used to strengthen the infrastructure and the work would just take another day to complete, he added.
With the addition of another grille, the enclosure secured with a net of three metal sheets was presenting a look of a prison cell for a hardened criminal.
“It doesn’t seem animal-friendly at all. When you look at the enclosure, you develop a feeling of fear rather than love, which ought to be the message one should get at a facility meant to educate the public about animals and their habitat,” said a girl visitor.
Besides, animals shouldn’t be in cages at a Safari any way, she added.
Another visitor said: “The fortified enclosure should have an environment close to their habitat, for instance, growing a few trees inside is not such a bad idea.”
The visitors expressed surprise over the absence of any guide at the facility where animals were kept without providing adequate information about the specific species kept there.
“The identification boards fixed at cages do not provide details about the source from where the animal has been acquired, its age and name. Wrong boards are also attached, for instance cranes are kept in a cage carrying an identification board of peafowl,” a college student visiting the Safari said.
There was also concern over plying of buses for a visit to the area where animals were kept in the open. Soundless vehicles should be introduced with a guide that could educate visitors on animals, they said.
Visitors were disappointed to see that there was no golden tabby tiger in the Safari, though a board with the animal’s picture was displayed in the park.
No inquiry into chimps ‘donation’
It is worth recalling that the pair of chimps was accepted in ‘donation’ by the Safari Park administration over a year ago.
The administration, according to sources, took the animals without seeking information about the conservation status of the species and looking into the donor’s credentials.
The Safari director was not available to comment.
The park administration failed to give a satisfactory reply when they were asked about the global sensitivities attached to the trade of chimpanzees while the then administrator of the Karachi Metropolitan Corporation (KMC) that ran both Safari Park and Karachi zoo, responded by saying that he might return the animals to the ‘donor’.
However, even after a year the administration neither returned the animals, nor instituted an inquiry to look into the credentials of the ‘donor’.
Sources said that the pair of common chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) were reportedly handed over to the Safari Park by a businessman. Both species of chimpanzee, the common chimpanzee and the bonobo, are listed as endangered in the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List.
They are also listed in the Appendix 1 of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) of Wild Flora and Fauna, which means trade in these species is prohibited except in cases when the purpose is pure scientific research and education.
Import permits for such species could only be issued to the government-run facilities for wild animals and that, too, required an export permit from the country from where the animals were being imported and an import permit from the country which would receive them.
The sources further said that no licence had been issued for the import of chimpanzees in the country in a decade.
PESHAWAR: Sweat poured down Judge Fazal Wadood’s back as he sat perched behind a desk inside the custom-built green bus court.
The latest weapon in Pakistan’s battle against a creaking judicial system, the $98,000 mobile court allows Judge Wadood to preside over cases and disputes that have dragged on for years because of the slow grinding process involved in regular courts.
The situation has helped build frustration among the people and increased calls for Islamic sharia law at the government’s expense.
The bus has been set up by the high court in the northwestern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) province.
Boasting a portrait of Pakistan's founding father Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the bus is designed to go directly to the people, resolving their daily disputes in some of the most remote and dangerous parts of the country.
Part of a $15 million project, with 25 per cent financed by the government in northwest of Pakistan and the rest by international donors, the mobile court aims to strengthen both the present judicial system and state institutions.
Musarat Shah, a 72-year-old widower locked in a five-year land dispute, was one of the first on board the bus, which has the white crescent and star of the Pakistani flag emblazoned on its side.
“Justice delayed is justice denied,” said Shah, furious with the slow pace of the regular court system. “Multiple commissions were held. One commission finished and demanded another commission, and it was taking us nowhere.”
After hearing her case, Judge Wadood summoned a group of mediators who agreed to go off and inspect her land, before setting another hearing in a week's time.
Marc-Andre Franche, the head of UNDP in Pakistan, stated that the mobile court, which is an attempt at strengthening the judicial system, was one of the main ways to counter the influence of non-state actors.
Eight judges and 18 lawyers have been trained in conflict resolution to find quick solutions in simple cases that risk dragging on for years, clogging up the judicial system.
On its first one day, with the bus stationary in a car park in the Hayatabad suburb of Peshawar, Wadood together with a registrar and stenographer tapping away on a laptop, handled nearly 30 cases.
Chairman of the arbitration council, Mohammad Osman Khan, says the work consists of speedy mediation between parties in different conflicts normally faced in daily life, such as property battles, family problems and others.
However, the mobile court faces certain challenges in its path to success, which will help authorities determine whether it is worth rolling out further courtroom buses.
One of the major challenges is the inbred jirga system, which consists of traditional gatherings of tribal elders who typically mediate similar disputes at a local level.
Judgments passed at such gatherings by the elders are considered law in the tribal area.
Human rights organisations criticise their decisions as arbitrary.
The director of the judicial academy in Peshawar, Hayat Ali Shah, believes that the two systems can coexist.
“A civil litigation in KPK comes to the court only when the jirga and others fail. So hopefully there will be no competition,” Shah said.
He was hopeful the mobile initiative would be effective.
Although, it remains unclear how many villagers will opt for the mobile court rather than the traditional jirga system.
Security is another challenge that is being faced at present by the mobile court. So far, its work is limited to Peshawar’s suburbs. It is followed by an armed police escort.
The authorities are trying to agree on extra security precautions for when the bus travels to more dangerous parts of the northwest, away from the heavily protected city of Peshawar.
But Judge Wadood is not afraid of death. He feels providing justice to the common man is more important than worrying about safety.
“Such problems are everywhere,” he said, with regards to situations in different cities. “We don’t fear working here or there.”
جنرل ضیاءالحق بغیر کسی دعوت کے کرکٹ میچ دیکھنے کے بہانے دہلی پہنچے ۔ اس وقت راجیو گاندھی اس کو ائر پورٹ پر ریسیو کرنے کے لیے بلکل تیار نہیں تھے ۔ انڈین افواج راجھستان سیکٹر سے پاکستان پر حملہ آور ہونے کے لیے صرف اپنے وزیر اعظم کی حکم کی منتظر تھیں ۔ ان حالات میں ضیاء الحق سے ملنا ہرگز مناسب نہیں تھا ۔ لیکن کیبنٹ کے اراکین اور اپوزیشن لیڈرز کا خیال تھا کہ کسی دعوت نامے کے بغیر بھی ضیاء الحق کی دہلی آمد ( وہاں سے انہوں نے چنائی جانا تھا میچ دیکھنے) پر اسکا استقبال نہ کرنا سفارتی آداب کے خلاف ہوگا اور ان حالات میں پوری دنیا میں انڈین لیڈرز کے بارے میں غلط فہمی پھیلائی گئی۔
ہمارے مطالبے پر راجیو گاندھی ضیاء الحق سے ملنے ائر پورٹ پہنچا اور اسنے نہایت سرد مہری سے ضیاء کی آنکھوں میں دیکھے بغیر اس سے ہاتھ ملایا ۔ راجیو نے مجھے سے کہا کہ " جنرل صاحب نے چنائی میچ دیکھنے جانا ہے آپ اسکے ساتھ جائیں اور انکا خیال رکھیں "۔ بھگوان جانتا ہے کہ وہ شخص آہنی اعصاب کا مالک تھا اور راجیو کے ہتک آمیز رویے پر بھی اس کے چہرے پر بدستور مسکراہٹ قائم رہی۔
چنائی کے لیے روانگی کے وقت ضیاء الحق نے راجیو گاندھی کو خدا حاٖفظ کہنے سے پہلے کہا ۔۔۔۔۔۔" مسٹر راجیو آپ پاکستان پر حملہ کرنا چاہتے ہیں بے شک کریں ۔ لیکن یہ ذہن میں ضرور رکھیں کہ اسکے بعد دنیا چنگیز خان اور ہلاکو خان کو بھول جائے گی اور صرف ضیاءالحق اور راجیو گاندھی کو یاد رکھے گی ۔ کیونکہ یہ ایک روائیتی جنگ نہیں ہوگی بلکہ ایٹمی جنگ ہوگی ۔ ممکنہ طور پر اس میں پورا پاکستان تباہ ہو جائے گا لیکن مسلمان پھر بھی دنیا میں باقی رہیں گے تاہم انڈیا کی تباہی کے بعد ہندومت کا پوری دنیا سے خاتمہ ہو جائے گا۔ "
راجیو گاندھی کے پیشانی پر ٹھنڈے پسینے کے قطرے نمودار ہو چکے تھے ۔ جبکہ مجھے اپنی ریڑھ کی ہڈی میں سنسناہٹ محسوس ہو رہی تھی ۔ صرف کچھ لمحات کے لیے ضیاء الحق ہمیں ایک نہایت خطرناک شخص نظر آیا ۔ اس کا چہرہ پتھرایا ہوا تھا اور اسکی آنکھوں سے لگ رہا تھا کہ وہ جو کچھ کہہ رہا ہے اس پر لازمً عمل کرے گا اور پورے بر صغیر کو ایٹمی جنگ کی مدد سے راکھ میں تبدیل کر دے گا ۔
میں دہل کر رہا گیا تھا ۔۔۔۔۔۔ پلک جھپکتے ہی ضیاء کے چہرے پر مسکراہٹ لوٹ آئی اور اسنے کھڑے دیگر لوگوں سے نہایت گرم جوشی سے ہاتھ ملایا ۔ میرے اور راجیو کے علاوہ کوئی نہیں جانتا تھا کہ بظاہر ہلکے پھلکے اور خوشگوار موڈ میں نظر آنے والے ضیاء الحق نے انڈین وزیر اعظم کے لیے شدید پریشانی پیدا کر دی ہے "۔
PAKISTAN: August 11 is a special day in our national Calendar when we reiterate our commitment to the ideals of the Quaid-e-Azam to continue striving for the protection of the rights of all faiths and bringing them in the mainstream of national life. On this day we reaffirm our pledge to honour the commitment made our great leaders of according equal treatment to all our citizens irrespective of their religion, caste and creed.
This day marks the vision of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah that he highlighted in his address to the Constituent Assembly on August 11, 1947. The Quaid said: “You are free to go to your mosques or other places of worship in this state of Pakistan. You belong to any religion or caste or creed that has nothing to do with the business of the state. We are starting in the day when there is no discrimination, no distinction between one caste, creed and colour. We are starting with this fundamental principle that we are all equal citizens of the state.”
The minority day provides us an opportunity to reassure that despite the diversity in our faiths, we are one nation and are working together for a united and prosperous Pakistan. By observing this day, we are also giving a clear message to the world that the Pakistani society is based on religious harmony, social justice, and human equality.
Let me take this opportunity of repeating Quaid-i-Azam’s words on March 21, 1948 to a Mass Rally at Dhaka. “We shall treat the minorities in Pakistan fairly and justly. We shall maintain peace, law and order and protect and safeguard every citizen of Pakistan without any distinction of caste, creed or community”.
The observance of Minorities’ Day reflects our commitment to integrate people of all faiths in the national mainstream. The Government has all along struggled to uphold the rights of the people of different faiths. We will continue our struggle to do even more.
I am confident that together we shall make Pakistan a strong, progressive and tolerant nation where the minorities have equal rights.
Let us on this day also pledge to promote democratic values and culture as a necessary tool of promoting tolerance, peace and harmony and ending violence and extremism as well as alleviating the sufferings of non-Muslim brethren.
اسلام آباد: ہائی کورٹ نے ججز نظربندی کیس میں ملزم پرویز مشرف کی ضمانت منظور کرنے کا تحریری فیصلہ جاری کر دیا ہے، جس کے مطابق یہ ثابت ہوناباقی ہے کہ ججز کی غیر قانونی نظربندی کے احکامات پرویز مشرف نے جاری کئے۔
اسلام آباد ہائی کورٹ کے جسٹس ریاض احمد خان اور جسٹس نور الحق قریشی کے دستخط سے جاری فیصلے میں کہا گیا ہے کہ ججز نظربندی کیس میں ملزم کے خلاف دہشت گردی ایکٹ کی دفعات کا اضافہ ہائی کورٹ کے جج کے حکم پر ہوا۔ پرویز مشرف کے خلاف ججز کی نظربندی اور دہشت گردی الزامات کا ریکارڈ موجود نہیں، صرف وکلاء کے بیانات ہیں جنہیں بطور شواہد استعمال نہیں کیا جا سکتا۔
ایف آئی آر کے متن کے مطابق کہا جا سکتا ہے کہ صدر پاکستان نے غیر آئینی اقدام کیا۔ فیصلے میں کہاگیا ہے کہ صرف ملزم کے اشتہاری رہنے کے باعث ضمانت مسترد نہیں کی جا سکتی، ملزم کے اشتہاری رہنے سے اسے حاصل تمام حقوق ختم نہیں ہو جاتے۔
MUZAFFARABAD: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif on Wednesday directed the concerned authorities to expedite construction work on Rs274.882 billion Neelam-Jehlum Hydro-power Project and make it functional till 2014-15 to overcome the power shortage issue in the country.
During his visit to the site of the project, the prime minister told media representatives that the concerned authorities had sought time for the completion of project till 2016, conditional to availability of financial resources but he had declined and instead instructed them to complete it till 2014-15.
He regretted the fact that projects such as this were conceived in the past but were not given due attention as there had been vested interests. However, he added that they would have to change such culture in the country.
The Neelam-Jehlum project could not be achieved during the last many years and now its cost had swelled up to around Rs275 billion, he expressed his astonishment over delay in execution of the project.
“A 29-year long period has passed, but the project is yet to be completed,” he exclaimed, and observed that nobody questioned the gross negligence over such delay.
The prime minister said that the power issue had become a genie and the people were fed up with it but assured that his government would utilise all the resources to complete the project.
“If projects like this were given priority in the past, these could have been achieved. We are fully committed to achieve these kinds of projects and are dedicating each minute for giving relief to the masses,” he reiterated.
The prime minister also cautioned against the existing financial resources by advising that they would have to cut down the additional expenditures.
“The wastage of national wealth through corruption and corrupt practices should be effaced forever,” he declared, adding that the nation should also prepare itself for sacrifices in the greater national interest.
About energy related problems, the prime minister said the government was devising an energy policy which might be finalised within two weeks, and soon he would apprise the nation about the roadmap and the steps in this regard.
Responding to a query, he replied that terrorism issue was also being considered seriously. “The main issues are the lack of economic growth and rising poverty which gave rise to this issue,” he maintained.
The prime minister said overseas Pakistanis and foreign investors were also focussing on the developments taking place inside Pakistan to ascertain prospects of their investment in future.
Referring to idea of construction of Khunjrab-Gwadar-Karachi road and rail project, he expressed his resolve that it would be materialised soon, terming it a ‘game changer’ for the country.
On June 24, a team would leave for China for consultation over the project with the stakeholders, he informed.
The prime minister said that they would establish economic zones in Pakistan because the South Asian region in future would be the focal point of global economic activities.
He said that they wanted relocation of Chinese industry to Pakistan with massive prospects of growth in South Asian region, a home to billions of people.
Earlier, Syed Raghib Abbas Shah, chairman WAPDA, Gen (retd) Zubair MD Neelam Jehlum Company gave a briefing on the project.
The power house of the project is located in the Chattar Kalass which is 22 kms south of Muzaffarabad. Installed capacity of the project is 969 MW comprising four units of 240 MW each.
The original cost of the project was Rs130 billion but the revised PC-1 cost of the project was put at Rs274.882 billion as it has escalated due to change in design and machinery requirement owing to the earthquake of 2005.
China Gezhouba Group Corporation is constructing the 62kms long tunnel, and about 5,000 workforce is involved in the overall project.
Minister for Water and Power Khawaja Muhammad Asif, Minister for Information and Broadcasting Pervez Rashid and Shaukat Tarin accompanied the prime minister on his first ever visit to any ongoing development/infrastructure project in the country after assuming his office.
President Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJ&K) Sardar Muhammad Yaqoob Khan, prime minister AJ&K Ch. Abdul Majeed and former prime minister of AJK Raja Farooq Haider received the prime minister at the site of the project.
Neelam Jehlum Hydro electric Project is a mega project of immense national importance. It is in the vicinity of Muzaffarabad (AJ&K) and envisages the diversion of Neelam river water through a tunnel and after producing power, out-falling into Jehlum river.
It will also help reduce the gap between demand and supply of power in the country.